Gao Xingjian is a painter, filmmaker, playwright, novelist and poet. He lived in China between 1940 and 1987. In the early 1980s, his dramaturgy was considered in China the first attempt of modernist theatre, facing numerous problems from the communist authorities. In 1987, he left China and moved to France, deciding to never come back after the events in Tiananmen Square. The publication in French of the novel The Mountain of the Soul (La montagne de l’âme) brought him literary fame. Laureate of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2000, translated into dozens of languages, the author continues to paint and write poetry, opera and theatre.